Somaliland Government


Sometimes referred to as “the Government”

The state has an Executive Branch, which is separate and independent of the legislative and the judicial branches.The Executive Branch (sometimes referred to as “the Government”), is headed by the elected President and consist of the President, The vice-President, and the Council of Ministers appointed by the President.

Somaliland President

The Honorable Ahmed M. Mohamoud Silanyo

Ahmed M. Mohamoud Silanyo is the current president of the Republic Of Somaliland and the leader of the Peace, Unity and Development Party. Silanyo was born in 1936 in the northwestern town of Burao, situated in the former British Somaliland protectorate. His family is from the Isaaq clan and of middle class, trading background. He attended school locally during his early years the moved to London, United Kingdom for Secondary education and Advance Level between 1958-1960.

Somaliland Vice President

The Honorable Abdirahman Saylici

Somaliland’s Vice-President Honorable Abdirahman Abdilaahi Ismail was born on 28 October 1956 in the Salal region of Somaliland in a town called Zayla. Mr. Ismail undertook his primary and intermediate education in the same town. He then moved on to Hargeisa for his higher education. Between 1975-1979 he attended the Hargeisa Technical Institute where he graduated as a construction Engineer. His construction company BCC- Borama construction company contributed immensely to the building of many regions of Somaliland between 1980 to 2002.

Somaliland Cabinet

The Cabinet of the Republic of Somaliland is the collective decision-making body of Government in Somaliland composed of the President and some 24 Cabinet Ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.Cabinet Ministers are heads of government departments.



The country has a bicameral parliament.

The House of Representatives is elected and is the main legislative body – see Article 40 of the Somaliland Constitution and the House of Elders (Guurti, in Somali) is currently indirectly elected by the various communities and is the revising chamber for legislation (except for financial bills) – see Article 58 of the Somaliland Constitution.


Both Houses consist of 82 members each, but the House of Elders also includes honorary members who are either former holders of the offices of president, vice- president or speakers of both Houses and who serve for life or up to 5 persons chosen by the President on their basis of their “special significance to the nation” and who serve for the term of the House they are appointed to.

Somaliland's Trade Regulations

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry is the custodian of trade policies and regulations. The government promotes an open trade policy for both local and foreign investors.Read more

Somaliland Fisheries

Somaliland’s long shores of 850 kilometres are rich in fisheries resources. The oceanographic conditions in Somaliland coast are strongly influenced by the seasonal monsoon winds and a system of currents in the three bodies of waters Read More

Somaliland Crop Farming

Crop farming is currently the second most important economic activity in the country, after livestock, with up to 20-25% of the population depending on it for their livelihoods.Read more

Somaliland Economy

The economy of Somaliland mainly depends on livestock production. The sector has historically and culturally been the mainstay of livelihood for the majority of the people.Read more